CBSE Class 12 History Revision Notes For Rebels And The King Of Chapter 11 [1857 की क्रांति]
History Revision Notes For Rebels And The King. The struggle of 1857 was a major and important event against British rule. This revolution started from Meerut on 10 May 1857, which gradually spread to places like Kanpur, Bareilly, Jhansi, Delhi, Awadh, etc. The revolution started as a military revolt, but over time its form changed to a mass revolt against British power, which was called India’s first freedom struggle. Let us know the special things related to this on the occasion of this anniversary of the first freedom struggle.1857 ki Kranti brings a unique twist in history, you must read it once.
- causes of the revolt of 1857
- revolt meaning in Hindi – विद्रोह
- revolt of 1857 causes and effects
- These points are explained below; –
विद्रोहियों और राजा, [1857 का विद्रोह–ch–11]
- On 10 May 1857, this movement started from Meerut Cantonment.
- On 11 May 1857, the revolts chose the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar as their leader and gained legitimacy in the rebellion.
- The main focus of the rebels attacked in narrow buildings. After the farmers joined the rebellion, the moneylender and Aamir also came under attack from the rebels.
- The main British generals who suppressed the rebellion were – James Aurum, Henry Havelock, Colin Tomball, Sir Hugh Rose, etc.
Revolts in 1857 to establish unity among themselves; – Caste and religion were not discriminated against in declarations.
Nawabs and Muslim rulers also took care of Hindus.
The rebellion was linked to the profit loss of both Hindus and Muslims.
- The main reasons of 1857 were political, economic, religious, social, and military. The immediate reason: – was the use of fat cartridges.
- Prominent leaders of 1857 were: Nana Sahib, Rani Laxmi Bai, Bahadur Shah Zafar, Ahmadullah Shah, Shah Mall, etc.
- Lord Dalhousie conquered the Maratha lands of Dwab, Karnataka, Punjab, and Bengal till the beginning of the 1850s (by the policy of adoption prohibition).
- In Awadh, a variety of plagues connected princes, talukdars, peasants, and soldiers. They all began to see the arrival of the Firangi king as the end of one world among various classes. Awadh was called ‘Nursery of Bengal Army’.
- Lord Dalhousie said to the princely state of Awadh in1851 that ‘this glass of fruit (cherry) will one day come into our mouths.
- Lord William Betik had enacted laws to abolish the Sati system (1829) and to give legitimacy to Hindu widow marriage to ‘improve’ Indian society through Western rock, Western ideas, and Western institutions. With the help of some sections of Indian society, Betik established English-medium schools, colleges, and universities.
- The British declared government infirmity and adoption (adoption) illegal through some sisters and took over all other princely states like Shansi and Satara.
- In 1801, an auxiliary treaty was imposed in Awadh, and in 1856, Awadh was acquired in the English state. And the ruler Wajid Ali Shah was expelled from Calcutta. Its conditions were: –
Let your army finish, allow the deployment of English troops in the princely state, and work the advice of the British residents present in the court.
In 1856, the British land revenue system was implemented in the name of lump-sum settlement under which the talukdars were evicted from their lands.
- The rebellious proclamations expressed the widespread fear that the British Hindus and Muslims were bent upon destroying caste and religion and they wanted to convert people to Christianity. At such a rate people began to trust the ongoing rumors.
- Martial law was imposed throughout North India on 7 May and June 1857 and many pictures about the rebellion, pencil drawings, engraved paintings, posters, cartoons, and market prints are available.
- Recall the revolt of 1857 as the first freedom struggle because people of every section of the country fought against the imperialist rule.
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- Chapter 3 History Notes PDF Download